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初中英语一般将来时总复习讲解+练习附答案

一般将来时总复习讲解+练习附答案

一般将来时表示将来某一时刻的动作或状态,或将来某一段时间内经常的动作或状态,和表示将来的时间状语连用,如:tomorrow(明天), next week(下周 );in the future(将来)等。

一般将来时由助动词shall(第一人称),will(第二、三人称) 动词原形构成(美式英语则不管什么人称,一律用will),或用主语+be动词 + going to 动词(be going to)。

一、用will或shall表示。

助动词will或shall+动词原形,在口语中will用于所有人称,书面语中第一人称常用shall。shall 用于第一人称I和we表示将来发生的事情,征求对方的意见或表示客气的邀请。如:

1. Tomorrow will be Sunday. 明天就是星期天。

2. Shall we go there at five? 我们五点钟去那儿,好吗?

3. Will you please open the door? 请你把门打开,好吗?

will,shall可用来预言将来发生的事。如说出我们设想会发生的事,或者请对方预言将要发生什么事。

例如:It will rain tomorrow. 明天将要下雨。will,shall除可表示单纯的将来时以外,还可以带有意愿的色彩,仍指的是将来。

例如:

I’ll buy you a bicycle for your birthday.

你过生日时,我给你买一辆自行车。(表示允诺)  

Will you open the door for me please?请你帮我开门好吗?(表示请求)  

Shall I get your coat for you? 我可以为你拿外套吗?(表示提议)

二、用be going to结构表示。

1、表示说话人根据现在已有的迹象,判断将要或即将发生某种情况。这类句子的主语可以是人,也可是物。例如:There is going to be a football match in our school tomorrow afternoon.

明天下午我们学校将有一场足球赛。(已有告示)

Look at those black clouds!It s going to rain. 看看那些乌云!天快要下雨了。

2、表示主语现在的意图或现已作出的决定,即打算在最近或将来进行某事。这种意图或决定往往是事先经过考虑的。

例如:

He isn t going to see his grandfather tomorrow.

他明天不准备去看他爷爷。  

Mary is going to be a teacher when she grows up.

玛丽决定长大了当一名教师。

3. 只是单纯地预测未来的事,此时可与will互换。

例如:

I think it is going to/will rain this evening.

我认为今晚要下雨。

注意

be going to和will在含义和用法上略有不同。

be going to往往表示事先经过考虑的打算;

will多表示意愿、决心。两者有时不能互换。

例如:  

He is studying hard and is going to try for the exams.

他正努力学习,准备参加考试。(不能用will替换)—Can somebody help me? ——谁能帮我一下吗?  

—I will. ——我来。(不能用be going to替换) 

三、用现在进行时表示。

表示位置转移的动词(如go,come,leave,start,arrive,return,send,move,travel,fly等)和其它几个动作动词(如do,begin,work,spend,play,stay,happen,have,finish,join,eat,die,meet等)常与现在进行时和表示将来的时间状语连用,表示在最近将要发生某事。这些事是事先安排好的。

例如:The Browns are coming to dinner tomorrow.

明天布朗夫妇要来吃晚饭。  

What are you doing tomorrow?

明天你做什么?  

The train is arriving at nine o clock. 火车将在九点钟到。

在特定的上下文中,这类动词有时也可不带时间状语。

例如:  

—Come to school in your old clothes tomorrow .  

——明天穿你的旧衣服来上学。  

—Why?What s happening ?

——为什么?有什么事?

四、用一般现在时表示。

1. 动词be;表示位置转移的动词(如go,come,arrive,leave,return等)和表示“开始,结束”的动词(如start,begin,open,finish,end,close等)与一般现在时和表示将来的时间状语连用,表示时间表、节目单或日程表上所安排好的动作或事态将要发生,日程不易改变,口气肯定。

例如:Are you free next Tuesday evening?

下周二晚上你有空吗?Mr Green leaves Beijing for home tomorrow. 格林先生定于明天离京返家。

2. 在由when,before,as soon as,until/till引导的时间状语从句和由if引导的条件状语从句中,常用一般现在时表示将来。

例如:  

If it doesn t rain tomorrow,we’ll go to the East Lake.

如果明天不下雨,我们就去东湖。  

I must finish my homework before my mother returns.

我必须在妈妈回来之前做完家庭作业。

3. 在hope后接表示将来时间的宾语从句中,也可用一般现在时代替一般将来时,hope的主语往往是第一人称。

例如:  

I hope you(will)have a good holiday. 我希望你假日愉快。  

I hope he comes(will come). 我希望他会来。  

五、用“be+动词不定式”或用“be about to +动词原形”的结构表示。

例如:  

1. He is to visit Japan next year. 明年他将访问日本。  

2. They’re about to leave. (=They’re leaving.) 他们就要走了。

一、用所给动词的一般将来时填空

1. I (leave)in a minute. I (finish)all my work before I (leave).

2. —How long will you (study)in our country?

—I (plan)to be here for about one more year.

—I (hope)to visit the other parts of your country.

—What you (will do)after you (leave)here?

—I (will return)home and (get)a job.

3. I (am)tired. I (will go)to bed early tonight.

4. Mary’s birthday is next Monday, her mother(will give)her a present.

5. It is very cold these days. It (will snow)soon.

6. —Will you(be)here this Saturday?

—No. I (will visit)my teacher.

7. —Shall I (get)you a copy of today’s newspaper?

—Thank you.

8. I am afraid there (will be)a meeting this afternoon. I can’t join you.

9. Mike (won’t believe)this until he (sees)it with his own eyes.

10. Most of us don’t think their team (will win).

二、单项选择

(C)1. There ____ a meeting tomorrow afternoon.

A. will be going to B. will going to be

C. is going to be D. will go to be

(D)2. Charlie __ here next month.

A. isn’t working B. doesn’t working

C. isn’t going to working D. won’t work

(D)3. He __ very busy this week, he __ free next week.

A. will be; is B. is; is

C. will be; will be D. is; will be

(D)4. There __ a dolphin show in the zoo tomorrow evening.

A. was B. is going to have

C. will have D. is going to be

(D)5. –__ you __ free tomorrow?

– No. I __ free the day after tomorrow.

A. Are; going to; will B. Are; going to be; will

C. Are; going to; will be D. Are; going to be; will be

(B)6. Mother __ me a nice present on my next birthday.

A. will gives B. will give C. gives D. give

(C)7. – Shall I buy a cup of tea for you?

–__. (不,不要。)

A. No, you won’t B. No, you aren’t.

C. No, please don’t D. No, please.

(D)8. – Where is the morning paper?

– I __ if for you at once.

A. get B. am getting C. to get D. will get

(B)9. __ a concert next Saturday?

A. There will be B. Will there be

C. There can be D. There are

(B)10. If they come, we __ a meeting.

A. have B. will have C. had D. would have

(D)11. He __ her a beautiful hat on her next birthday.

A. gives B. gave

C. will giving D. is going to giving

(C)12. He __ to us as soon as he gets there.

A. writes B. has written

C. will write D. wrote

(C)13. He __ in three days.

A. coming back B. came back

C. will come back D. is going to coming back

(C)14. If it __ tomorrow, we’ll go roller-skating.

A. isn’t rain B. won’t rain

C. doesn’t rain D. doesn’t fine

(B)15. – Will his parents go to see the Terra Cotta Warriors tomorrow?

– No, __ (不去).

A. they willn’t B. they won’t.

C. they aren’t D. they don’t.

(D)16. Who __ we __ swimming with tomorrow afternoon?

A. will; go B. do; go

C. will; going D. shall; go

(B)17. We __ the work this way next time.

A. do B. will do

C. going to do D. will doing

(A)18. Tomorrow he __ a kite in the open air first, and then __ boating in the park.

A. will fly; will go B. will fly; goes

C. is going to fly; will goes D. flies; will go

(D)19. The day after tomorrow they __ a volleyball match.

A. will watching B. watches

C. is watching D. is going to watch

(B)20. There __ a birthday party this Sunday.

A. shall be B. will be

C. shall going to be D. will going to be

(B)21. They __ an English evening next Sunday.

A. are having B. are going to have

C. will having D. is going to have

(B)22. __ you __ free next Sunday?

A. Will; are B. Will; be

C. Do; be D. Are; be

(C)23. He __ there at ten tomorrow morning.

A. will B. is C. will be D. be

(B)24. __ your brother __ a magazine from the library?

A. Are; going to borrow B. Is; going to borrow

C. Will; borrows D. Are; going to borrows

(A)25. – Shall I come again tomorrow afternoon?

–__ (好的).

A. Yes, please B. Yes, you will.

C. No, please D. No, you won’t.

(A)26. It __ the year of the horse next year.

A. is going to be B. is going to

C. will be D. will is

(A)27. __ open the window?

A. Will you please B. Please will you C. You please D. Do you

(D)28. – Let’s go out to play football, shall we?

– OK. I __.

A. will coming B. be going to come C. come D. am coming

(B)29. It __ us a long time to learn English well.

A. takes B. will take C. spends D. will spend

(D)30. The train __ at 11.

A. going to arrive B. will be arrive C. is going to D. is arriving

三、把下列各句译成英语

1.我叔叔今晚要来。

My uncle will come tonight.

2.他没有打算住那座小屋。

He isn t going to live in the small house.

3.我们要读这本书。We are going to read this book.

4.—你爸爸要去钓鱼吗?—不,他要去游泳。

—Will your father go fishing?

—No,he is going swimming.