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初中英语动词短语分类汇总,背会了完形就是送分题!

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初中英语复习之常见动词词组

动词词组通常是指动词与介词或副词或名词的组合,这将扩展出与原词意思很不一样的大量词条。譬如look的相关词组至少有:look about(四处环顾),look after(照顾),look at(注视),look back(回顾),look into(调查),look on(旁观),look out(注意),look up(查找/仰望/拜访)。

21个高频动词相关词组

一、Ask相关词组:

1、ask about:询问;打听

2、ask after:问候;询问

3、ask for:请求;要求

4、ask in:请求…进来

5、ask of:要求;期望

6、ask out:邀请外出;约会

7、ask over:请…来自己家

8、ask to:请…参加活动

9、ask up:请…上楼

二、Break相关词组:

1、break away:消散;拆毁;脱开;离开;逃脱

2、break away from:脱离;背弃;与…脱离关系

3、break down:破坏,粉碎;瓦解;出故障,抛锚

4、break in:闯进,打断;使顺服

5、break into:闯入;强行进入;突然开始

6、break of:改掉(习惯),戒掉(嗜好)

7、break off:突然住口;折断;断绝;暂停,休息

8、break one's promise:食言,不守诺言

9、break out:爆发,发生;准备使用;起锚

10、break out in:突然出现

11、break out into:突然发作

12、break out of:摆脱,突破

13、break over:转折

14、break the law:违反法律

15、break the record:破记录

16、break through:攻破;突围,突破;猛涨

17、break to:向…透露(说出)

18、break up:开垦,破碎;解散,分开,分解

19、break up into:分成几个部分

20、break with:和…决裂;和…断绝关系

三、Bring相关词组:

1、bring about:引起;。

9类常见的动词固定搭配

一、后接不定式to do的搭配

1、afford to do sth. 负担得起做某事

2、agree to do sth. 同意做某事

3、arrange to do sth. 安排做某事

4、ask to do sth. 要求做某事

5、beg to do sth. 请求做某事

6、care to do sth. 愿意做某事

7、choose to do sth. 选择做某事

8、decide to do sth. 决定做某事

9、demand to do sth. 要求做某事

10、determine to do sth. 决心做某事

11、expect to do sth. 期待做某事

12、fail to do sth. 未能做某事

13、fear to do sth. 害怕做某事

14、happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事

15、hope to do sth. 希望做某事

16、learn to do sth. 学习做某事

17、manage to do sth. 设法做某事

18、offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事

19、plan to do sth. 计划做某事

20、prepare to do sth. 准备做某事

21、pretend to do sth. 假装做某事

22、promise to do sth. 承诺做某事

23、refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事

24、would like to do sth. 想要做某事

二、后接不定式to do(意为让他人做)的搭配

1、advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事

2、allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

3、ask sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事

4、bear sb. to do sth. 忍受某人做某事

5、beg sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事

6、cause sb. to do sth. 导致某人做某事

7、command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事

8、drive sb. to do sth. 驱使某人做某事

9、enable sb to do sth. 使某人能够做某事

10、encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事

11、expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事

12、forbid sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事

13、force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事

14、get sb. to do sth. 使某人做某事

15、hate sb. to do sth. 讨厌某人做某事

16、help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事

17、intend sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事

18、invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事

19、leave sb. to do sth. 让某人做某事

20、need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事

21、oblige sb. to do sth. 迫使某人做某事

22、order sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事

23、permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事

24、persuade sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事

25、prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事

26、remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事

27、request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事

28、suggest sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事

29、teach sb. to do sth. 教某人做某事

30、tell sb to do sth. 叫某人做某事

31、train sb. to do sth. 训练某人做某事

32、trouble sb. to do sth. 麻烦某人做某事

33、want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事

34、warn sb. to do sth. 警告某人做某事

35、wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事

三、后接动名词doing的搭配

1、admit doing sth. 承认做某事

2、advise doing sth. 建议做某事

3、advocate doing sth. 主张做某事

4、allow doing sth. 允许做某事

5、appreciate doing sth. 喜欢做某事

6、avoid doing sth. 避免做某事

7、can't help doing sth. 情不自禁做某事

8、carry on doing. 继续做某事

9、consider doing sth. 考虑做某事

10、delay doing sth. 推迟做某事

11、deny doing sth. 否认做某事

12、discuss doing sth. 讨论做某事

13、dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事

14、enjoy doing sth. 喜爱做某事

15、escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事

16、excuse doing sth. 原谅做某事

17、fancy doing sth. 想要做某事

18、feel like doing sth. 想要做某事

19、finish doing sth. 完成做某事

20、forbid doing sth. 禁止做某事

21、forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事

22、give up doing sth. 放弃做某事

23、imagine doing sth. 想象做某事

24、insist on doing. 坚持做某事

25、keep doing sth. 继续做某事

26、look forward to doing sth. 期望做某事

27、mean doing sth. 意味着做某事

28、mention doing sth. 提到做某事

29、mind doing sth. 介意做某事

30、miss doing sth. 错过做某事

31、pardon doing sth. 原谅做某事

32、permit doing sth. 允许做某事

33、postpone doing sth. 拖延做某事

34、practice doing sth. 练习做某事

35、prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事

36、prohibit doing sth. 禁止做某事

37、put off doing sth. 推迟做某事

38、quit doing sth. 停止做某事

39、recommend doing sth. 建议做某事

40、report doing sth. 报告做某事

41、risk doing sth. 冒险做某事

42、suggest doing sth. 建议做某事

43、understand doing sth. 理解做某事

四、后接动词原形do的搭配

1、feel sb. do sth. 感觉某人做某事

2、have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

3、hear sb. do sth. 听说某人做某事

4、let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事

5、listen to sb. do sth. 听到某人做某事

6、look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事

7、make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

8、notice sb. do sth. 注意某人做某事

9、observe sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事

10、see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事

11、watch sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事

五、后接现在分词doing的搭配

1、catch sb. doing sth. 碰上某人做某事

2、discover sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事

3、feel sb. doing sth. 感觉某人做某事

4、find sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事

5、get sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事

6、have sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事

7、hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人正在做某事

8、keep sb. doing sth. 使某人不停地做某事

9、listen to sb. doing sth. 听某人正在做某事

10、look at sb. doing sth. 看着某人正在做某事

11、notice sb. doing sth. 注意到某人做某事

12、observe sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事

13、prevent sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事

14、see sb. doing sth. 看见某人做某事

15、send sb. doing sth. 使某人(突然)做某事

16、set sb. doing sth. 使(引起)某人做某事

17、start sb. doing sth. 使某人开始做某事

18、stop sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事

19、watch sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事

六、后接不定式或动名词(意思不同)的搭配

1A、remember to do sth. 记住要做某事

1B、remember doing sth. 记住曾做过某事

2A、forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事

2B、forget doing sth. 忘记曾做过某事

3A、regret to do sth. 后悔要做某事

3B、regret doing sth. 后悔曾做过某事

4A、try to do sth. 努力去做某事

4B、try doing sth. 尝试做某事

5A、mean to do sth. 打算做某事

5B、mean doing sth. 意味着做某事

6A、can't help to do sth. 不能帮助做某事

6B、can't help doing sth. 情不自禁做某事

7A、go on to do sth. 做完某事后跟着做另一事

7B、go on doing sth. 继续做一直在做的事

8A、stop to do sth. 表示停止现在在做的事情,开始做其他事情

8B、stop doing sth. 表示停止现在在做的事情

七、后接不定式或动名词(意思相近)的搭配

1A、attempt to do sth. 试图做某事

1B、attempt doing sth. (同上)

2A、begin to do sth. 开始做某事

2B、begin doing sth. (同上)

3A、bother to do sth. 麻烦做某事

3B、bother doing sth. (同上)

4A、can't bear to do sth. 不能忍受做某事

4B、can't bear doing sth. (同上)

5A、cease to do sth. 停止做某事

5B、cease doing sth. (同上)

6A、continue to do sth. 继续做某事

6B、continue doing sth. (同上)

7A、hate to do sth. 憎恨做某事

7B、hate doing sth. (同上)

8A、intend to do sth. 打算做某事

8B、intend doing sth. (同上)

9A、like to do sth. 喜欢做某事

9B、like doing sth. (同上)

10A、love to do sth. 喜欢做某事

10B、love doing sth. (同上)

11A、prefer to do sth. 宁可做某事

11B、prefer doing sth. (同上)

12A、start to do sth. 开始做某事

12B、start doing sth. (同上)

八、后接双宾语(须用介词To换位)的搭配

1、award sb. sth. = award sth. to sb. 颁奖给某人

2、bring sb. sth. = bring sth. to sb. 把某物带给某人

3、hand sb. sth. =hand sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人

4、lend sb. sth. = lend sth. to sb. 把某物借给某人

5、mail sb. sth. = mail sth. to sb. 把某物寄给某人

6、offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 将某物给某人

7、owe sb. sth. = owe sth. to sb. 欠某人某物

8、pass sb. sth. = pass sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人

9、pay sb. sth. = pay sth. to sb. 把某物付给某人

10、post sb. sth. = post sth. to sb. 把某物寄给某人

11、read sb. sth. = read sth. to sb. 把某物读给某人听

12、return sb. sth. = return sth. to sb. 把某物还给某人

13、sell sb. sth. = sell sth. to sb. 把某物卖给某人

14、send sb. sth. = send sth. to sb. 把某物送给某人

15、serve sb. sth. = serve sth. to sb. 拿某物招待某人

16、show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. 拿某物给某人看

17、take sb. sth. = take sth. to sb. 把某物拿给某人

18、teach sb. sth. = teach sth. to sb. 教某人某物

19、tell sb. sth. = tell sth. to sb. 把某事告诉某人

20、throw sb. sth. = throw sth. to sb. 把某物扔给某人

21、write sb. sth. = write sth. to sb. 写信给某人

九、后接双宾语(须用介词For换位)的搭配

1、book sb. sth. = book sth. for sb. 为某人预定某物

2、buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb. 为某人买某物

3、choose sb. sth. = choose sth. for sb. 为某人选某物

4、cook sb. sth. = cook sth. for sb. 为某人煮某物

5、draw sb. sth. = draw sth. for sb. 为某人画某物

6、fetch sb. sth. = fetch sth. for sb. 为某人去取某物

7、find sb. sth. = find sth. for sb. 为某人找到某物

8、get sb. sth. = get sth. for sb. 为某人拿来某物

9、make sb. sth. = make sth. for sb. 为某人做某物

10、order sb. sth. = order sth. for sb. 为某人订购某物

11、pick sb. sth. = pick sth. for sb. 为某人挑选某物

12、save sb. sth. = save sth. for sb. 为某人留某物

13、sing sb. sth. = sing sth. for sb. 为某人唱某歌曲

14、spare sb. sth. = spare sth. for sb. 为某人让出某物

15、steal sb. sth. = steal sth. for sb. 为某人偷某物

16、prepare sb. sth. = prepare sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物